How to teach a child with ADHD?

Normally attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder or ADHD is characterized by problems with attention, impulse control, and hyperactivity. It usually develops in childhood, but may not be diagnosed until adolescence or adulthood. ADHD makes it difficult for children to inhibit their spontaneous responses—responses that can involve everything from movement to speech to attentiveness.

Approximately 9% of children in the United States between the ages of 13 and 18 have ADHD, according to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). It is four times more likely to be diagnosed in boys than in girls.

We all know kids who can’t sit still, who never seem to listen, who don’t follow instructions no matter how clearly you present them, or who blurt out inappropriate comments at inappropriate times. Sometimes these children are labeled as troublemakers, or criticized for being lazy and undisciplined. However, they may have ADHD. The struggles that children with ADHD face, such as difficulty paying attention, may become apparent once they start school. As such, parents and teachers will need to work together to help kids learn to cope with their ADHD symptoms.

How to teach a child with ADHD?
How to teach a child with ADHD?

What is ADHD?

ADHD is a common neurodevelopmental disorder that typically appears in early childhood, usually before the age of seven. The symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be categorized into 3 types of behavioral problems: inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness.

Most people with ADHD have problems that fall into all these categories, but this is not always the case. For example, some people with the condition may have problems with inattentiveness, but not with hyperactivity or impulsiveness.

  • Inattention means a person wanders off task, lacks persistence, has difficulty sustaining focus, and is disorganized; and these problems are not due to defiance or lack of comprehension.
  • Hyperactivity means a person seems to move about constantly, including in situations in which it is not appropriate; or excessively fidgets, taps, or talks. In adults, it may be extreme restlessness or wearing others out with constant activity.
  • Impulsivity means a person makes hasty actions that occur in the moment without first thinking about them and that may have a high potential for harm, or a desire for immediate rewards or inability to delay gratification. An impulsive person may be socially intrusive and excessively interrupt others or make important decisions without considering the long-term consequences.
How to teach a child with ADHD?
How to teach a child with ADHD?

How to teach a child with ADHD at home

Teaching and controlling a child with ADHD is quite difficult whereas they have problems with attention, impulse control, and hyperactivity. Lots of parents are suffering because their child’s behaviors. They are struggling to control their children. So, here are some fabulous tactics that you can use to control your child at home.

  • Stay positive and healthy yourself
  • Establish structure for your child and let him stick to it
  • Encourage movement and sleep
  • Set clear expectations and rules How to teach a child with ADHD?
  • Help your child eat right
  • Teach your child how to make friends
  • Decide ahead of time which behaviors are acceptable and which are not
  • Define the rules, but allow some flexibility
  • Manage aggression
  • Limit distractions How to teach a child with ADHD?
  • Encourage exercise
  • Regulate sleep patterns
  • Encourage out-loud thinking
  • Promote wait time
  • Believe in your child
  • Take breaks (bring your child outside of home)vfvfg
How to teach a child with ADHD?

How to teach ADHD child to read

For grades one through three, the object of most school reading assignments is to build reading skills. You can help with the necessary practice and offer support to your child with ADHD, dyslexia, or other learning disabilities.

Preview reading materials.

Direct your child’s attention to the cover, the title of the book, and the illustrations. Teach her to use these visual clues as she reads. Ask, “What do you think the book is about?” This will help a child with ADHD put the words into context.

Read together.

Have your child with ADHD read some of the book by himself, and then take turns reading aloud and listening to each other. If he stumbles on a word, say it for him, rather than insist that he struggle to decode it.If he wants to sound out the word, let him. If he needs correction, say something like, “The word is house, but your guessing home makes sense,” or “The word is house, but your guessing horse shows that you know the ‘h’ and the ‘s’ sounds.” In other words, compliment his strategy, rather than demean his ability.

Review the ideas.

Every few pages, ask pertinent questions: “Who is this story mainly about? What happened first? What happened next? How do you think this story will end?” These help kids put all the pieces together when reading.

Play word games.

Dedicate each day or each week to mastering a specific phoneme, or word sound. For instance, find 10 things in your house that contain the “kuh” sound — his coat, backpack, clock, or kitten. Serve carrots, cucumbers, and milk for dinner. Find the kings and jacks in a pack of cards. Make it fun.

Know your child’s strengths and weaknesses.

Some children with ADHD or learning disabilities need help decoding written words. Others find reading words easy but struggle to understand the meaning of what they read. Ask your child’s teacher where he needs help. If it’s decoding, incorporate letter-sound activities into your child’s day. If content is the problem, help your child recognize story lines. Watching short films or reading comic books might help him to understand the concepts of plot, characters, and sequence.

Build vocabulary.

Talk with your child about anything that interests him, and use a mature vocabulary. Read to him for pleasure, from books that are beyond his capability but within his interest. The richer the verbal environment, the less likely he will be stumped by unfamiliar words in required reading.

Get help.

Consider having your child work with a mentor, coach, or teaching specialist to boost his reading skills.

How to teach a child with ADHD?
How to teach a child with ADHD?

How to help a child with ADHD focus in school

  • Make time to speak to the student individually. Be respectful and express interest in his or her success in school by asking how he or she learns best.
  • Keeping kids with ADHD close to the teacher and away from doors or windows will help minimize potential distractions
  • Provide Frequent Feedbacks
  • In order to prevent singling out children with ADHD, let everyone try privacy dividers, earphones, or earplugs to block distractions during seat work or tests.
  • Alternate between high- and low-interest activities and when possible, keep lesson periods short or vary the pacing from one lesson to the next.
  • Use a variety of strategies and teaching techniques to accommodate the multitude of learning styles in the room so all students have the opportunity to approach lessons the way they learn best.
  • Also, give students opportunities to work cooperatively, individually, and with the group.
  • Asking a child with a question that you know he can answer, or giving nonverbal cues, such as standing close and patting him on the shoulder, can bring the child back into focus.
  • Kids with ADHD tend to struggle with sitting still for long periods of time, so giving them frequent opportunities to get up and move around can be a big help
  • Provide the ADHD student opportunities to display his or her skills, talents and/or leadership ability.
  • Make time to speak to the student individually. Be respectful and express interest in his or her success in school by asking how he or she learns best.
  • Have all of the students stand and stretch, run in place, or do an exercise or movement activity when deemed necessary.

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