lesson planning of English
What is a Lesson Plan?
A lesson plan is a teacher’s plan for teaching a lesson. It can exist in the teacher’s mind, on the back of an envelope, or on one or more beautifully formatted sheets of A4 paper. Its purpose is to outline the “programmer” for a single lesson. That’s why it’s called a lesson plan. It helps the teacher in both planning and executing the lesson. And it helps the students, unbeknownst to them, by ensuring that they receive an actual lesson with a beginning, a middle and an end, that aims to help them learn some specific thing that they didn’t know at the beginning of the lesson (or practice and make progress in that specific thing).
Lesson planning of English
Making an effective lesson plan takes time, dedication, and an understanding of students’ abilities and goals. In the field of education, every teacher strives to motivate students to retain as much as possible during the course of the class and apply it. In this case teachers have to follow some structure to create a useful and effective lesson plan. Here are some guidance to planning lesson.
Choose a topic:
Before planning a lesson, you will first need to select a specific topic. It is up to you to select the topic depending on the student’s level and the student’s knowledge. When you select a topic, you should consider the types of activities students will need to engage in, in order to develop the skills and knowledge required to demonstrate effective learning in the course. The topic should be directly related to the learning objectives of the course, and provide experiences that will enable students to engage in, practice, and gain feedback on specific progress towards those objectives.
For example let’s take ‘Adjectives’ as the topic.
Identify the objectives
Then you need to identify the learning objectives for the lesson. A learning objective describes what the learner will know or be able to do after the learning experience rather than what the learner will be exposed to during the instruction.
The statement should be simple and to the point. It is the teacher’s role to help students understand how to use the information they will learn during the lesson in a practical way.
At the end of the lesson, students will be able to
-identify adjectives and their role in the sentence
–learn some descriptive adjectives that describe people, places and things.
-form sentences using descriptive adjectives
Know the time
Other important thing is understanding the time you have to the lesson. It will help you a lot to manage the lesson.
Ex: Imagine you have 50 minutes.
Make an introduction
Then you yourself have to create an overall introduction. It must contain all the things that you are going to do in your targeted time.
Introduction:– In this lesson students will be able to understand what are the adjectives and why we use them. Also they will be introduced some new vocabulary. Students are going to make some sentences using adjectives as much as possible. And they will be encouraged to think of new adjectives themselves and teach them to others students. Mainly i will be talking about the general overall view of the adjectives.
Make a procedure
Procedure also most important in planning a lesson. If there’s a lot to cover in a fixed amount of time, break your plan into sections that you can speed up or slow down to accommodate changes as they happen.
In the very beginning,
-ask the students what an adjective is and write their definition on the board.
-ask students what their favorite adjectives are and make a list of as many as they can think of
–ask the students to give me three words to describe someone they love.(5 min)
Secondly, I will teach them adjectives and their role in the sentences. They will be taught the grammatical rules through some examples of adjectives and how they were formed. (10 min)
Then i will show them a short video clip and ask them to listen carefully to the video and identify some adjectives mentioned in the video. Then they will be invited to write their identified adjectives on the white board.(10 min)
Ask each student to give 5 sentences using one of the adjectives written on the board (individually) (10 min)
Ask each student to describe any object exist in the class room using five adjectives. (10 min)
After all these exercises, tell students to come up with as many adjectives as possible and write down it on the white board And finally let them to ask any question relating to the lesson. (05 min)
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